(Córdoba, España, 1126 - Marrakech, Marruecos, 1198)
"Averroes (latinización del nombre árabe Abū l-Walīd Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Rushd, أبو الوليد محمد بن أحمد بن محمد بن رشد; Córdoba, Al-Ándalus, 14 de abril de 1126-Marrakech, 10 de diciembre de 1198) fue un filósofo y médico andalusí, maestro de filosofía y leyes islámicas, matemáticas, astronomía y medicina."
"Ibn Rushd (Arabic: ابن رشد; April 14, 1126 - December 10, 1198), full name (Arabic: أبو الوليد محمد ابن احمد ابن رشد, translit. ʾAbū l-Walīd Muḥammad Ibn ʾAḥmad Ibn Rushd), often Latinized as Averroes (/əˈvɛroʊˌiːz/), was a medieval Andalusian polymath. He wrote on logic, Aristotelian and Islamic philosophy, theology, the Maliki school of Islamic jurisprudence, psychology, political and Andalusian classical music theory, geography, mathematics, and the mediæval sciences of medicine, astronomy, physics, and celestial mechanics. Ibn Rushd was born in Córdoba, Al Andalus (present-day Spain), and died at Marrakesh in present-day Morocco. His body was interred in his family tomb at Córdoba. The 13th-century philosophical movement in Latin Christian and Jewish tradition based on Ibn Rushd's work is called Averroism. Ibn Rushd was a defender of Aristotelian philosophy against Ash'ari theologians led by Al-Ghazali. Although highly regarded as a legal scholar of the Maliki school of Islamic law, Ibn Rushd's philosophical ideas were considered controversial in Ash'arite Muslim circles. Whereas al-Ghazali believed that any individual act of a natural phenomenon occurred only because God willed it to happen, Ibn Rushd insisted phenomena followed natural laws that God created. Ibn Rushd had a greater impact on Christian Europe: he has been described as the "founding father of secular thought in Western Europe" and was known by the sobriquet the Commentator for his detailed emendations to Aristotle. Latin translations of Ibn Rushd's work led the way to the popularization of Aristotle."
Islamic Philosophy Online
Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Averroes-Latinus. Universität zu Köln
Digital Averroes Research Environment. Universität zu Köln
Averroes en 'In Our Time' de la BBC.
Averroes, filósofo español. Biblioteca de la AECID
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