(Cantagalo, Río de Janeiro, Brasil, 1866 - Cantagalo, Río de Janeiro, Brasil, 1909)
"Euclides Rodrigues da Cunha (Cantagalo (Rio de Janeiro), 20 de enero de 1866 - Piedade (Río de Janeiro), 15 de agosto de 1909) fue un escritor, sociólogo, ingeniero militar, físico, naturalista, periodista, geólogo, geógrafo, botánico, zoólogo, hidrógrafo, historiador, profesor, filósofo, y poeta brasileño. Su obra más importante fue Los sertones, en la que narra las expediciones militares brasileñas en contra de la villa de Canudos. Da Cunha estuvo fuertemente influido por el naturalismo humanístico y el darwinismo."
"Euclides (archaic spelling Euclydes) da Cunha (Portuguese pronunciation: [e̞wˈklidɪʒ dɐ ˈkũɲɐ], January 20, 1866 - August 15, 1909) was a Brazilian journalist, sociologist and engineer. His most important work is Os Sertões (Rebellion in the Backlands), a non-fictional account of the military expeditions promoted by the Brazilian government against the rebellious village of Canudos, known as the War of Canudos. This book was a favorite of Robert Lowell, who ranked it above Tolstoy. Jorge Luis Borges also commented on it in his short story "Three Versions of Judas". The book was translated into English by Samuel Putnam and published by the University of Chicago Press in 1944. It remains in print. Euclides da Cunha was heavily influenced by Naturalism and its Darwinian proponents. Os Sertões characterised the coast of Brazil as a chain of civilisations while the interior was more primitively influenced. Euclides da Cunha was the basis for the character of The Journalist in Mario Vargas Llosa's The War of the End of the World. Euclides da Cunha occupied the 7th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters from 1903 until his death in 1909."