(Lisboa, Portugal, 1845 - Lisboa, Portugal, 1894)
"Joaquim Pedro de Oliveira Martins (Lisboa, 30 de abril de 1845 - Lisboa, 24 de agosto de 1894), más conocido simplemente por Oliveira Martins, historiador y político portugués, y uno de los intelectuales dominantes del último cuarto del siglo XIX en Portugal."
"Joaquim Pedro de Oliveira Martins (30 April 1845 - 24 August 1894) was a Portuguese politician and social scientist. He was a writer, a deputy, a minister; he became the 47th Minister for Treasury Affairs on 17 January 1892. Martins was born and died in Lisbon. He was the son of Francisco Cândido Gonçalves Martins (born Lisbon, Mercês, bap. 16 June 1812) and wife Maria Henriqueta de Morais Gomes de Oliveira (born Setúbal, São Lourenço (Vila Nogueira de Azeitão), bap. 26 August 1817). Oliveira Martins is considered one of the key figures in the contemporary history of Portugal. His works influenced many generations of writers, such as António Sérgio (1883-1969), António Sardinha (1887-1925) or the philosopher Eduardo Lourenço (1923- ). He married on 10 March 1865 Vitória Mascarenhas Barbosa, without issue.His great-nephew is former Minister of Finance Guilherme de Oliveira Martins."