(Balmaseda, Vizcaya, España, 1578 - Madrid, España, 1651)
"Pedro Hurtado de Mendoza (1578-1641) was a Basque philosopher and theologian. He worked mostly with peripatetic philosophy, with 17 years at Jesus's Company the School of Salamanca. He was a teacher of theology and philosophy in Valladolid and he occupied a chair at the University of Salamanca. Hurtado belonged to the third generation of Jesuit scholars and initiated the shift from more realist positions of Francisco Suárez and Gabriel Vásquez towards nominalism, characteristic of that generation. His nominalist theology was further developed by his pupil Rodrigo Arriaga and Francisco Oviedo. He is probably the first to use the literary form of a philosophical or theological "Cursus" (though not yet so named), which became typical for the baroque academic philosophy throughout the 17th century and beyond."